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Joseph Pearce

Joseph Pearce is Senior Editor at the Augustine Institute, editor of the St. Austin Review and the author of books on Shakespeare, Tolkien, Chesterton and other Christian literary figures.


Writing for Faith & Culture

We welcome the submission of articles of between 600 and 1,500 words on topics related to Catholic faith and culture. Articles should be emailed as Word attachments to Joseph Pearce.

Beauty is for Everyone

Beauty is for Everyone

St. Jerome Academy is the parish school of the nearby St. Jerome Catholic Church, in Hyattsville, Maryland. Through a classical curriculum, St. Jerome offers students a window into a world of beauty. A graduate of St. Jerome can analyze poetic meter and defend an original thesis statement with reasons, details, and examples in grammatically accurate prose. Students calculate slope, represent quadratic equations, and sing the Mass parts in Latin. They study Latin, hold avid discussions, keep nature journals, memorize poetry, and perform plays. 

Given the school’s important work, it becomes apparent what was at stake when the school almost closed eight years ago. However, it would be erroneous to suppose that the school was offering a classical education in those days. In fact, the eminent end of the school in 2009 was the impetus for considering that approach.

 

DO WE WANT OUR SCHOOL?

Father James Stack had served as pastor of St. Jerome Catholic Church since 1998. Principal Mary Pat Donoghue was a child of the parish. She had grown up at St. Jerome Catholic Church, attended its school, and began teaching there in 1991. She went on to serve as vice principal between 2001 and 2008. 

Donoghue knew firsthand how student enrollment had declined by half since 2001. She had seen the resulting dramatic shift in the school’s culture and morale. Its Catholic identity was waning, its tests scores were falling, and parental involvement was dropping. Fewer parishioner families were enrolling their children in the school, while many families were choosing St. Jerome mainly for the sake of its proximity to major D.C. commuter routes. The school deficit was about $170,000 dollars.

In August 2009, Donoghue became principal. A few months later, she and Father Stack were asked to attend an afternoon meeting at the pastoral center for the Archdiocese of Washington. Donoghue and Father Stack had a good guess about the meeting’s agenda.

The superintendent of education, the chief financial officer, and others went over the financial data. They explained that St. Jerome’s school had run out of money and run out of options. From where she sat at the conference table in the pastoral center, Donoghue could see out the windows. She remembers watching the trees whipped about by the wind. Her heart was racing; she could feel it beating in her ears while other sounds were strangely muffled. Over and over she thought, “I won’t let this close. This can’t close. This can’t close.”

The conclusion of the meeting was that St. Jerome school leaders needed to meet with the community and determine if there was any will to keep the school open. If so, St. Jerome needed to develop a strategic plan within the next few months or choose the alternative of merging with another school or closing its doors. Furthermore, to register students for the coming school year, St. Jerome would need to present its plan as well as close its deficit of $170,000 within the next three months. The next step was a series of meetings with St. Jerome’s community. Adding a melancholy note, the meetings were scheduled for November 2nd, the Day of the Dead, All Souls Day. 

It was grey and overcast when school faculty and staff gathered in the church with Donoghue and Father Stack for their 3:30 p.m. presentation on the state of the school. At 6:00 p.m., Donoghue and Father Stack repeated the presentation to the parish council, finance council, and school advisory board. And at 7:30 p.m., teachers and school staff sat down in the front pews of the church, which filled with school and parish families. Now thoroughly exhausted, Donoghue and Father Stack began presenting for the third time. With some surprise, Donoghue noticed that most of the attendees were not school families but parishioners.

Students studying outside St. Jerome Academy.

Among those parishioners were Chris Currie and Dr. Michael Hanby. Chris Currie and his family joined the parish in 1997; he now serves as Director of Advancement for St. Jerome. Dr. Michael Hanby and his family joined the parish in 2007, after Hanby took a teaching position at the Pontifical John Paul II Institute for Studies on Marriage and Family. Both the Currie and Hanby families were among parishioners who had opted not to enroll their children at St. Jerome. Instead, they were educating their children classically, at home and through cooperatives. In fact, Hanby had written an essay on classical education in Fall 2009, to help the Curries with managing their small classical cooperative called Crittenden Academy. 

In the church of St. Jerome, a rich dark reredos of wood frames the crucifix and Tabernacle. On an evening, it is dim and shadowy in the back of that massive church. Here in the back section of pews, both Currie and Hanby were sitting, on the right “St. Joseph” side of the church. 

The Curries were invested in nurturing Hyattsville’s neighborhoods and in building Catholic community. They were concerned to lose the vitality of having a parish school. Nothing was to be gained by trading all that possibility for a big empty building on campus. Hanby was sitting in a pew with his arms folded, feeling his blood pressure rise. He was troubled about the state of education in general. 

In his prior position as associate director of Baylor University’s Institute for Faith and Learning, Hanby had already been considering problems in education. As a teacher and father, he noticed how many students lacked a culture; they were heirs to no historical, artistic, literary, philosophical, or theological tradition. He had seen abysmal deficits in writing skills. Most concerning was how listless many students seemed about learning. According to Hanby, education had become merely a means. Securing the most expeditious means was all the focus, whether through resumé building, cramming for tests, or simply cheating. Hanby brought these concerns to the parish meeting. He was also concerned about a disconnect between the school, the parish, and many parish families concerned for their children’s education. The closure of the school would end any possibility of integrating school and parish life.

The meeting with school and parish families was conducted along the lines of a town hall meeting. Many attending that evening meeting on November 2nd were completely blindsided by the news. Donoghue knew the financial problems were part of larger issues connected to student enrollment, school culture, and Catholic identity. As she put it, “No number of bake sales was going to fix the problem.” Tensions rose as people took the microphone to ask questions or voice suggestions: “Why not ask the Domino’s Pizza guy for money?” “Why not lay off some teachers?” Seeing the teachers in the front pew, Currie winced at that latter suggestion. Everybody was getting uncomfortable.

AS A TEACHER AND FATHER, DR. MICHAEL HANBY HAS NOTICED HOW MANY STUDENTS LACK A CULTURE; THEY ARE HEIRS TO NO HISTORICAL, ARTISTIC, LITERARY, PHILOSOPHICAL, OR THEOLOGICAL TRADITION.

Handouts were provided; one carried the school’s mission statement. Hanby pulled this out first, reading through it and thinking, How does this mission statement differ in any significant way from the education that parents can get for free at their public school? Let’s imagine what a really Catholic school would look like. Clenching that paper in his fist, Hanby went home that night and emailed Donoghue: “I really want this school to survive, but I’m not sure it deserves to. If you want to do something bold here, I’d love to help.”

The Superintendent of Education for the Archdiocese of Washington, Dr. Patricia Weitzel-O’Neill was also present at the meeting. Afterward she stood in the church’s center aisle and spoke with a line of parishioners. Several approached her individually about the possibility of a classical education at St. Jerome. She would later contact Donoghue and advise her to consider a classical approach. Donoghue was somewhat familiar with the principles of classical education, but knew she would need help. With clear support from the parish, Donoghue and Father Stack set out to renew St. Jerome’s school. 

 

DRAFTING A NEW PLAN

Shortly after meeting with the archdiocese, Donoghue began forming a committee to steer the school’s future. The committee grew organically. Some people like Hanby simply contacted Donoghue. Other contacts were made over conversations at post-Sunday Mass coffee and doughnuts. In the end, the committee had eight members, led by parishioner Dr. Jared Ortiz, who was completing his dissertation on Augustine’s Confessions at the Catholic University of America. They met every week between December and March to draft a new educational plan for St. Jerome. As spring approached, Hanby and Ortiz “pulled several all-nighters” to finish the plan, sometimes a few nights in a row. 

Father Stack’s leadership was key during this time. “Father Stack: I will love that man forever,” said Hanby. “He presided over a couple miracles. None of this would have happened without his humility. He is not threatened by things that are beautiful and excellent. He wanted the best for his people. And we didn’t have much to work with other than elbow grease.” 

Donoghue and Father Stack found a wonderful supporter in Dr. Weitzel-O’Neill, who worked to relieve St. Jerome of meeting the archdiocesan educational standards. Instead, St. Jerome was asked only to employ some standardized assessments as it adopted a classical curriculum for the school’s new educational charter. Meanwhile, Donoghue and Father Stack closed a major portion of the financial deficit. They conducted a direct appeal and several fundraisers, while Father Stack reached out to friends and contacts made over the course of his priesthood. By January, the majority of the needed money was donated or pledged.

 A graduate of St. Jerome can analyze poetic meter and defend an original thesis statement with reasons, details, and examples in grammatically accurate prose.

A graduate of St. Jerome can analyze poetic meter and defend an original thesis statement with reasons, details, and examples in grammatically accurate prose.

The transition was a source of tension, the ending of relationships, and several resignations. Before the start of the new school year for 2010-2011, Donoghue would make seven new hires. Teacher training could not begin until the very end of summer. Donoghue relied on prayer “every single day” to sustain her during this time: “It was really an invitation to walk by faith and not by sight. There were many times where I worried that we wouldn’t be able to do this. I relied on prayer constantly for this.” She often prayed at her desk. She also had a key to the church, and there was many a time Donoghue “zoomed” across the street to sit in a quiet pew and pray before the Blessed Sacrament.

 

ST. JEROME TODAY

With the opening of the school year in 2010-2011, St. Jerome began offering a classical education in every grade. Of area schools facing the same dilemma in 2009, St. Jerome is the only school that did not close or merge with another school. In fact, since the change, St. Jerome student enrollment has grown every year.

Even more remarkably, without enormous financial resources, the school continues to offer this outstanding education to a diversified student body, about 10 percent Hispanic, 30-40 percent African-American, 30-40 percent Caucasian, and around 10 percent multi-racial. According to Donoghue, students also come from widely varied backgrounds in terms of single-parent households and socio-economic status.

According to Hanby, “Beauty is for everyone. Truth is for everyone. And goodness is for everyone. There is no reason why people from all walks of life shouldn’t benefit from a really beautiful and true and profound education. For everyone, but especially those who come from more difficult circumstances, it can be absolutely life-changing.”

Several schools around the country have adopted St. Jerome’s educational plan. St. Jerome is now in the process of revising the plan to make it even more adaptable for other schools. As Director of School Services for the Institute for Catholic Liberal Education, Mary Pat Donoghue helps principals, teachers, and parents form themselves in the classical tradition, equipping them to found or renew schools, the better to serve their families, parishes, and communities.

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